Our blood comprises of 3 different types of cells, called as red blood cells, white blood cells & the platelets; & these cells are dispersed in a clear fluid known as plasma. If the blood is processed by the way of centrifugation, Red & white blood cells get separated from plasma. This plasma, which now only contains the platelets, is called Platelet Rich Plasma or simply PRP. PRP is especially rich in certain biochemicals known as growth factors. The specialty of growth factors is that, they promote wound healing, stimulate collagen production and most importantly also promote cell growth. It was only about a decade ago when doctors around the globe came to know the importance of PRP in wound healing and promotion of new cell growth. Soon PRP found it’s way in many specialties of medicine. Today PRP therapy is used in Orthopedics and surgery for faster healing of bone fractures and tissue wounds, in Sports medicine for faster recovery of injured athletes, in Dentistry for faster healing of Dental implants etc.
How is PRP carried out?
After following sterile precautions, a small amount of blood (usually 50 to 60 cc) is drawn from an accessible vein in the patient’s hand. This blood is collected in about 6 test tubes
The blood in the test tubes is then subjected to centrifugation in a specialized centrifuge machine that will separate the patient’s blood into 3 parts.
The bottom layer is quit turbid and is called the cellular layer as it contains all the red & white blood cells. This layer is discarded
The topmost layer is a clear fluid of plasma which contains some amount of platelets. This layer is called as platelet poor plasma or simply PPP
The last layer is a small white colored layer in between the cellular layer at the bottom and the PPP on the top of it. This layer is know as the buffy coat or PRP and is very rich platelets and growth factors
The buffy coat and PPP are separated out from the test tube and are now ready to be infused into the patient’s scalp
The patients scalp is number by the way of local anesthetics and the PRP fluid is injected in to the scalp with the help of fine insulin syringes.
Once the infusion is complete, a scalp roller is subsequently rolled over the treated area to stimulate the growth factors and stem cells as well as to increase the blood supply leading to better hair growth.
Advantages of PRP:
Non Surgical process
Requires only 60 to 90 mins to complete
No recovery time necessary. One can resume daily activities as soon as he leaves the center